程式筆記-Apache設置禁止目錄訪問


默認apache在當前目錄下沒有index.html入口就會顯示目錄。讓目錄暴露在外面是非常危險的事,如下操作禁止apache顯示目錄,希望文章對各位有幫助。 進入apache的配置文件 httpd.conf 找到:

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

修改為:

Options FollowSymLinks

其實就是將Indexes去掉,Indexes表示若當前目錄沒有index.html就會顯示目錄結構。

1. 禁止訪問某些文件/目錄
增加Files選項來控制,比如要不允許訪問 .inc 擴展名的文件,保護php類庫:
<Files ~ ".inc$">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Files>

禁止訪問某些指定的目錄:(可以用 <DirectoryMatch> 來進行正則匹配)
<Directory ~ "^/var/www/(.+/)*[0-9]{3}">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Directory>

通過文件匹配來進行禁止,比如禁止所有針對圖片的訪問:
<FilesMatch .(?i:gif|jpe?g|png)$>
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</FilesMatch>

針對URL相對路徑的禁止訪問:
<Location /dir/>
Order allow,deny
Deny from all
</Location>
配置示例:
<Directory "E:/Program Files/Apache Software Foundation/Apache2.2/htdocs">
#
# Possible values for the Options directive are "None", "All",
# or any combination of:
# Indexes Includes FollowSymLinks SymLinksifOwnerMatch ExecCGI MultiViews
#
# Note that "MultiViews" must be named *explicitly* --- "Options All"
# doesn't give it to you.
#
# The Options directive is both complicated and important. Please see
# http://httpd.apache.org/docs/2.2/mod/core.html#options
# for more information.
# 就是這一行,只去掉indexes也可
#Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
Options FollowSymLinks
#
# AllowOverride controls what directives may be placed in .htaccess files.
# It can be "All", "None", or any combination of the keywords:
# Options FileInfo AuthConfig Limit
#
AllowOverride None
#
# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
#
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
</Directory>
建議默認情況下,設置APACHE禁止用戶瀏覽目錄內容。

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